1. used to 过去常常做某事,暗指现在已经不存在的动作或状态. 后跟动词原形. used to do sth.
There used to be ….(反意疑问句)didn’t there?
否定形式为: didn’t use to 或 usedn’t to
疑问形式为: Did…use to…? 或 Used…to…?
be/get used to doing sth.习惯于, to 为介词.
2. wear 表示状态. =be in +颜色的词
put on 表示动作.
dress + 人 给某人穿衣服.dress sb. / oneself
have on表示状态(不用于进行时态)
3. on the swim team on 是…的成员,在…供职.
4. Don’t you remember me? 否定疑问句.(考点)
Yes, I do. 不, 我记得. No, I don’t 是的, 我不记得了.
5. 反意疑问句:
① 陈述部分的主语为 this, that, 疑问部分主语用it; 陈述部分主语用 these, those, 疑问部分用they 做主语.
例: This is a new story, isn’t it?
Those are your parents, aren’t they?
② 陈述部分是 there be 结构, 疑问部分仍用 there
例: There was a man named Paul, wasn’t there?
③ I am 后的疑问句, 用aren’t I
例: I am in Class 2, aren’t I?
④ 陈述部分与含有 not, no, never, few, little, hardly, seldom, neither, none 等词时,疑问部分用肯定.
例: Few people liked this movie, didn’t they?
但陈述句中若带有否定前缀或后缀的单词时, 这个句子仍视为肯定, 后面仍用否定.
例: Your sister is unhappy, isn’t she?
⑤ 陈述部分的主语若为不定式或 V-ing 短语, 疑问部分主语用it.
例: To spend so much money on clothes is unnecessary, isn’t it?
⑥ 陈述句中主语是 nobody, no one, everyone, everybody 等指人的不定代词时,疑问部分用they做主语; 若陈述部分主语是 something, anything, noting, everything 等指事物的不定代词时, 疑问部分用it 做主语.
例: Nobody says one word about the accident, do they?
Everything seems perfect, doesn’t it?
⑦ 当主语是第一人称I时, 若谓动为think, believe, guess 等词时, 且其后跟宾丛,这时疑问句部分的人称, 时态要与宾语从句保持一致, 同时还要考虑否定转移.
例: I don’t think he can finish the work in time, can he?
⑧ 前面是祈使句, 后用 will you? (let’s 开头时, 后用shall we?)
6. be terrified of 害怕的程度比 be afraid of 深.
7. miss: ① 思念, 想念 例: I really miss the old days.
② 错过, 未中, 未赶上, 未找到.
例: It’s a pity that you miss the bus.
The boy shot at the goal, but missed.
8. no more (用在句中)=not…any more (用在句尾) 指次数;
no longer (用在句中)=not…any longer (用在句尾) 指时间.
9. right: ① adj. 正确的, 右边的② n. 右方, 权利③ adv. 直接地.
10. It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot. = Yu Mei seems to have changed a lot.
11. afford + n. /pron. afford + to do 常与can, be able to 连用.
例: Can you afford a new car?
The film couldn’t afford to pay such large salaries.
12. as well as 连词, 不但…而且… 强调前者. (若引导主语, 谓动与前者在人称和数上一致
例: Living things need air and light as well as water.
生命不仅需要水, 还需要空气和阳光.
I as well as they am ready to help you.
不仅是他们, 我也愿意帮助你.
13. alone = by oneself 独自一人. lonely 孤独的, 寂寞的.
14. in the last/past + 一段时间
ring the last/past + 一段时间 与现在完成时连用.
15. die (v.) dead (adj.) death (n.) dying (垂死的)
16. play the piano 弹钢琴
17. ①be/ become interested in sth. 对…感兴趣
②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣
③show great interest in 在……方面产生极大的兴趣
④a place of interest 一处名胜 some places of interest
如:He is interested in math, but he isn’t interested in speaking
   English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。
⑤ interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人
⑥ interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物
⑦ an interesting book / man
18. 害怕… be terrified of sth. 如:I am terrified of the dog.
be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking.
19. on 副词,表示(电灯、电视、机械等)在运转中/打开,
其反义词off.  with the light on 灯开着
20. walk to somewhere 步行到某处 walk to school 步行到学校
21.spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”
①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)
②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事 如:
He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着
He spend 3 months building the bridge.他花费了三个月去建这座桥。
pay for 花费
如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元买这本书。
take动词 有“花费”的意思 常用的结构有:
  It take(s) sb. … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book.
22. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊 如:I like to chat with him.
23. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事 worry 是动词
  be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 worried 是形容词 
如:Don’t worry about him. 不用担心他。
   Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。
24. all the time 一直、始终
25. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方 如:
  A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院。
Lui took me home. 刘把我送回了家。(home 的前面不能用to)
26. hardly adv. 几乎不、没有 hard 困难的;猛烈地
hardly ever 很少 
hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义
动词之前 助动词/情态动词+hardly
    hardly + 实义动词  如:
  I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们。
I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了。
It rains hard outside, I could hardly go out.
27. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时连用 如:
I have lived in China in the last few years. 在过去的几年内我在中国住。
28. be different from 与…不同 
29. how to swim 怎样游泳 
 不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定工短语。如:
The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。
I don’t know where to go. 我不知道去哪。
30. make sb./ sth. + 形容词  make you happy
make sb./ sth. + 动词原形 make him laugh
31. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.
32.It seems that +从句 看起来好像…… 如:
 It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多。
33. help sb. with sth. 帮某人某事 
help sb. (to ) do sth. 帮某人做某事 
She helped me with English. 她帮助我学英语。
She helped me (to) study English。 她帮助我学习英语。
34. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 15岁的 
fifteen-year-olds 作名词指15岁的人
  fifteen years old 指年龄 15岁 如:
a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩
Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15岁的人喜欢唱歌。
I am fifteen years old . 我是15岁。
35.支付不起…  can’t /couldn’t afford to do sth.
       can’t / couldn’t afford sth.
如:I can’t/couldn’t afford to buy the car.
I can’t/couldn’t afford the car. 我买不起这个辆小车。
36. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力 如:
Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑。
37. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦 
38. in the end 最后
39. make a decision 下决定 下决心 
40. to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶 如:
to their surprise 令他们惊讶 to LiLei’s surprise令李雷惊讶
41. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如:
His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪
42. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 如:
  You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友。
43. be able to do sth. 能做某事 如:
   She is able to do it. 她能够做到。
44. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 如:
   My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。
① when ------ at the age of …
② so…that…----- too… to…. / enough to …
③ so that…------ in order to do sth.
④ because…----- because of…
⑤ if ….----- without / with…
⑥ if…----- 祈使句+ and / or + 简单句
⑦ 宾语从句----特殊疑问词+动词不定式
⑧ be afraid
be sure that +从句---- 动词不定式
be sorry
⑨ It seems / seemed that sb….------ sb. seems / seemed to do sth.
⑩ Sb. hopes / hoped that ….-------sb. hopes / hoped to do sth.
1. be more interested in 对…更感兴趣.
2. on the swim team 游泳队的队员.
3. be terrified of 害怕.
4. gym class 体操课.
5. worry about. 担心.
6. all the time 一直, 总是
7. chat with 与…闲聊
8. hardly ever 几乎从不
9. walk to school = go to school on foot
take the bus to school = go to school by bus
10. as well as 不仅…而且
11. get into trouble 遇到麻烦
12. make a decision 做出决定
13. to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是
14. take pride in 为…感到骄傲
15. pay attention to 留心, 注意
16. consist of 由…组成/构成. be made up of 由…组成/构成.
17. instead of 代替, 而不是
18. in the end 最后, 终于
19. play the piano 弹钢琴
1.I used to be afraid of the dark. 我以前害怕黑暗.
2.I go to sleep with my bedroom light on. 我开着卧室的灯睡觉.
3.I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends. 以前我常常花很多时间和我的朋友们玩游戏.
4.I hardly ever have time for concerts. 我几乎没有时间去听音乐会.
5.My life has changed a lot in the last few years.
6.It will make you stressed out. 那会使你紧张的.



comic n. (报纸上所刊载的)连环漫画;连环图画 U2
death n. 死;死亡 U2
cause v. 造成;使发生 U2
himself pron 他自己;他本身 U2
patient adj 有耐性的;忍耐的 U2
exactly adv. 正;恰恰 U2
attention n. 注意;专心;留心 U2
waste v. 浪费;滥用 U2
pierce v. 刺穿,刺破 U3
licence n. 执照;许可证 U3


1. 过去完成时
(1) 构成:由助动词had + 过去分词 构成
否定式:had not + 过去分词 缩写形式:hadn’t
(2) 用法:过去完成时表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作。
(3) 它所表示的时间是“过去的过去”。
①表示过去某一时间可用by, before 等构成的短语来表示
②也可以用when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句来表示
When I got there, you had already eaten you meal. 当我到达那里时,你已经开始了。
By the time he got here, the bus had left. 到他到达这里时,汽车已经离开了
2. by the time 直到…时候
指从过去某一点到从句所示的时间为止的一段时间 如:
By the time we got to his house, he had finished supper.
3. 英语中表示“把某物遗忘在某处”常用 leave + 地点 ,而不是forget+地点 如:Unluckily, I left my book at home不幸的是,我把书忘在家里了。
4. close v. 关 adv. 接近地 靠近地 closed adj. 关的
5. come out 出来
6. on time 按时 准时 既不早也不迟 in time 及时 指在时限到来之前
7. luckily adv. 幸运地 lucky adj. 幸运的 luck n. 好运
8. give sb. a ride 让某搭便车 如:
He often gives me a ride to school. 他经常让我搭便车去学校。
9.only just 刚刚好、恰好
10. go off (闹钟)闹响 The alarm went off just now. 刚才警钟响了。
11. break down 坏掉
12. fool n. 傻子 呆子 v. 愚弄 欺骗 如: He is a fool. 他是一个呆子。
We can’t fool our teach. 我们不能欺骗我们的教师。(动词)
13. show up 出现 出席 She didn’t show up last night. 昨晚她没有出现
14. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某做事 如:
My friend invited me to watch TV. 我的朋友邀请我看电视。
15. set off 激起 出发 set up 建立
16. ①so … that 如此…以致于
②so that作“为了”时,引导目的状语从句,从句常出现情态动词,
作结果状语从句时,从句中一般不用情态动词 。
如:She got up early so that she could catch the bus.
She was so sad that she couldn’t say a word.
17. flee from 从…逃跑 避开 如:They fled from their home.
18. thrill v . 使人非常激动,使人非常紧张
thrilled adj. 指某人感到激动或感到紧张
thrilling adj. 指某事物使人心情激动
19. get married 结婚
20. convince v. 使信服 convincing adj. 令人信服的
21. land v. 着落
22. be late for 迟到
23. a piece of 一片/块/张 如: a piece of paper/ bread 一张纸/ 一块面包
1.到…时候by the time +…(句子)…从过去某一点到从句所示时间为止的一段时间,即从句用过去时,主句用过去完成时。
2.(闹钟)闹响go off
3.跑掉;迅速离开run off
4.损坏break down (突然)中断break off
5.(在)愚人节(on) April Fool"s Day
6.激起;引 起set off
7.一片,一块a piece of
8.按时on time 及时in time
Section A
1.从…离开去…leave (from)…for …
把某物遗忘在某地leave sth. +介宾短语(表地点的)
忘记某人/某事forget sb /sth.
忘记去作…forget to do …
忘记已作了…forget doing …
2.在洗沐浴get in the shower
3.开始作…start/begin to do …(前后不同的事)start/begin doing …(前后相同的事)
4.我上学从未迟到,但昨天我差点迟到.I "ve never been late for school ,but yesterday I came very close.
5.等待(某人)作…wait (for sb )to do …
6.出来;开花come out 实现come ture 从旁而过come by 来自…come/be from…
7.我必须抓紧了.I had to really rush.
8.飞快冲了个 澡take/have a quick shower
9.给/让某人搭便车give/get sb. a ride =give /get a ride to sb.
10.我恰好赶上上课.I only just made it to my class.(此时,指"约定"之意)
1.给某人穿衣服dress sb.
穿(…)衣服 be /get dressed (in +衣服)
化装;打扮dress up
2.熬夜stay /sit up (late)
3.给某人看某物show sb .sth.=show sth .to sb.
带某人参观…show sb.around sth.
卖弄…show off…
出席,露面show up
展览 be on show =be on display
4.化妆舞会a costume party
5.在地球着陆land on the earth
6.由演员奥森•威尔斯主 持的广播节目a radio program by actor Orsom Welles
7.遍及全国across the whole country =all over the whole country
8.从…逃跑;避开…flee from…=run away from…(flee过去式为fled )
9.将有…the re will be ….(一般将来时)
there would be …(过去将来时)
10.买尽可能多的意大利面条buy as much spaghetti as they could /possible
11.让某人嫁过某人ask sb .to marry sb.
结婚get married
和…结婚 get /be married with …=marry …
12.停止作…stop doing … 停下某事来作…stop to do …
13.在开学 第一天on the first day of school
14.(向某人)打招呼say hello (to sb.)
15.醒来wake up 叫…醒来wake sb. up
16. 有一个很愉快的结局have a very happy ending
17.失去了他的女朋友和他的观众lose both his girlfriend and his show

相关专题: 英语 人教版