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Stephen William Hawking, CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA (born 8 January ) is a British theoretical physicist. He is known for his contributions to the fields of cosmology and quantum gravity, especially in the context of black holes. He has also achieved success with works of popular science in which he discusses his own theories and cosmology in general; these include the runaway best seller A Brief History of Time, which stayed on the British Sunday Times bestsellers list for a record-breaking 237 weeks.
Hawking"s key scientific works to date have included providing, with Roger Penrose, theorems regarding singularities in the framework of general relativity, and the theoretical prediction that black holes should emit radiation, which is today known as Hawking radiation (or sometimes as Bekenstein-Hawking radiation).He is a world-renowned theoretical physicist whose scientific career spans over 40 years. His books and public appearances have made him an academic celebrity. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, and a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Science. On August 12, , he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States.
Hawking is the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge (but intends to retire from this post in ), a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge and the distinguished research chair at Waterloo"s Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics.
Hawking has a neuro muscular dystrophy that is related to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a condition that has progressed over the years and has left him almost completely paralysed.
Professor Stephen Hawking, is the world"s most famous physicist, black hole theory and the "Big Bang" theory of creation, and the famous "A Brief History of Time" author. Mathematics Center, the incumbent President of the University of Cambridge, this post was the post before Newton. Stephen Hawking ( -) is a British physicist Stephen Hawking, his life-long study of black hole energy is no longer applicable to the general physics of space-time theorem of the field) and the principle of the Big Bang origin of the universe. He made a black hole emitting radiation (now called Hawking radiation) is now the prophecy is a generally accepted hypothesis.
His research work in the scientific community far and his best-selling book "A Brief History of Time" fame. His sales amounted to 2,500 million of the copies of the best-selling book on quantum physics and the theory of relativity introced a great deal. January 8 Oxford was born in the United Kingdom. Oxford University in , completed graate courses in physics, to move to post-graate studies at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom astronomers Faure ( -), Stephen Hawking, a young age the eyes of the hero, is a professor of astronomy here. Hawking was diagnosed with motor neuron disease. Was awarded a doctorate in . His research showed that: to explain the black
Hole collapse of the mathematical equation, it can be interpreted from a point of the beginning of the universe, with pockets of serious. Hawking in study the characteristics of a black hole. He predicted that, from the black hole (now called Hawking radiation) and radiation of the surface area of a black hole will never be reced. In was elected Member of the Royal Society. He went on to prove that black holes have a temperature, the black hole thermal radiation issue, as well as quality lead to rection of gasification. Ren, University of Cambridge in , Professor of Mathematics Lucas (Isaac Newton was the post). Published in , "A Brief History of Time" and a quantum physics and the theory of relativity on the best-selling book.史蒂芬·霍金教授，是当今世界最著名的物理学家，黑洞理论和“大 爆炸”理论的创立人，著名的《时间简史》的作者。现任剑桥大学数学中 心主席，这个职位是牛顿生前职位。 史蒂芬·霍金（－） 史蒂芬·霍金是英国物理学家，他用毕生精力研究黑洞普通物 理学定理不再适用的时空领域）和宇宙起源大爆炸原理。他提出黑洞能发射辐射（现在叫霍金辐射）的预言现在已是一个公认的假说。他的研究工作在科学界远不及他的畅销书《时间简史》出名。他这本销售量达2,500万份的畅销书对量子物理学和相对论作了大量介绍。 年1月8日 出生于英国的牛津。 年 在牛津大学完成物理学学位课程，搬到剑桥大学攻读研究生，英国天文学家福雷德·霍伊尔（－），霍金青少年时代心目中的一位英雄，是这里的天文学教授。霍金被诊断患有运动神经元疾病。 年 被授予博士学位。他的研究表明：用来解释黑洞崩溃的数学方程式，也可以解释从一个点开始膨涨的宇宙。 年 霍金研究黑洞的特性。他预言，来自黑洞（现在叫霍金辐射）的射线辐射及黑洞的表面积永远也不会减少。 年 被选为皇家学会会员。他继续证明，黑洞有温度，黑洞发出热辐射，以及气化导致质量减少。 年 任剑桥大学数学鲁卡斯教授（艾萨克·牛顿曾任此职）。 年 出版《时间简史》，成为关于量子物理学与相对论最畅销的书。
File photo of Physicist Stephen Hawking. [Photo/Agencies]
World renowned physicist Stephen Hawking has died at the age of 76.世界著名物理学家史蒂芬·霍金去世，享年76岁。
He died peacefully at his home in Cambridge in the early hours of Wednesday, his family said.他的家人表示，霍金于14日凌晨在剑桥的家中离世。
In a statement his children, Lucy, Robert and Tim, said: "We are deeply saddened that our beloved father passed away today.霍金的子女露西、罗伯特和提姆在声明中表示：“我们深爱的父亲今天去世了，我们深感悲痛。”
"He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live on for many years."“他是一位伟大的科学家，一个非凡的人，他的工作和遗产将会流传多年。”
They praised his "courage and persistence" and said his "brilliance and humour" inspired people across the world.“他的勇气和坚韧，以及他的才华和幽默激发全世界的民众。”
"He once said, "It would not be much of a universe if it wasn"t home to the people you love." We will miss him forever."“他曾经说过，‘如果宇宙不是你爱的人的家园，那也就不算什么宇宙。’我们会永远想念他。”